What is Acne?
Acne is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition that causes spots and pimples,especially on the face, shoulders, back, neck, chest, and upper arms.
Though acne is essentially a normal physiological occurrence, certain conditions may aggravate the condition including:
- Fluctuating hormone levels around the time of periods in women
- Manipulating (picking/prodding) acne lesions
- Clothing and headgear (for example hats and sports helmets)
- Air pollution and certain weather conditions, especially high humidity
Acne signs and symptoms vary depending on the severity of your condition:
- Whiteheads (closed plugged pores)
- Blackheads (open plugged pores)
- Small red, tender bumps (papules)
- Pimples (pustules), which are papules with pus at their tips
- Large, solid, painful lumps beneath the surface of the skin (nodules)
- Painful, pus-filled lumps beneath the surface of the skin (cystic lesions)
Risk factors for acne include:
- Age. People of all ages can get acne, but it’s most common in teenagers.
- Hormonal changes. Such changes are common in teenagers, women and girls, and people using certain medications, including those containing corticosteroids, androgens or lithium.
- Family history. Genetics plays a role in acne. If both parents had acne, you’re likely to develop it, too.
- Greasy or oily substances. You may develop acne where your skin comes into contact with oily lotions and creams or with grease in a work area, such as a kitchen with fry vats.
- Friction or pressure on your skin. This can be caused by items such as telephones, cellphones, helmets, tight collars and backpacks.
- Stress. Stress doesn’t cause acne, but if you have acne already, it may make it worse.
Lifestyle and home remedies
*Wash problem areas with a gentle cleanser.
*Protect your skin from the sun.
*Avoid friction or pressure on your skin.
*Avoid touching or picking at the problem areas.
*Shower after strenuous activities.