Wednesday , 17 October 2018
Acne Vulgaris
Acne Vulgaris

Acne Vulgaris

What is Acne?

Acne is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition that causes spots and pimples,especially on the face, shoulders, back, neck, chest, and upper arms.

Causes

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Though acne is essentially a normal physiological occurrence, certain conditions may aggravate the condition including:

  • Fluctuating hormone levels around the time of periods in women
  • Manipulating (picking/prodding) acne lesions
  • Clothing and headgear (for example hats and sports helmets)
  • Air pollution and certain weather conditions, especially high humidity

Symptoms

Acne signs and symptoms vary depending on the severity of your condition:

  • Whiteheads (closed plugged pores)
  • Blackheads (open plugged pores)
  • Small red, tender bumps (papules)
  • Pimples (pustules), which are papules with pus at their tips
  • Large, solid, painful lumps beneath the surface of the skin (nodules)
  • Painful, pus-filled lumps beneath the surface of the skin (cystic lesions)

Risk factors

Risk factors for acne include:

  • Age. People of all ages can get acne, but it’s most common in teenagers.
  • Hormonal changes. Such changes are common in teenagers, women and girls, and people using certain medications, including those containing corticosteroids, androgens or lithium.
  • Family history. Genetics plays a role in acne. If both parents had acne, you’re likely to develop it, too.
  • Greasy or oily substances. You may develop acne where your skin comes into contact with oily lotions and creams or with grease in a work area, such as a kitchen with fry vats.
  • Friction or pressure on your skin. This can be caused by items such as telephones, cellphones, helmets, tight collars and backpacks.
  • Stress. Stress doesn’t cause acne, but if you have acne already, it may make it worse.

Lifestyle and home remedies

*Wash problem areas with a gentle cleanser.

*Protect your skin from the sun.

*Avoid friction or pressure on your skin.

*Avoid touching or picking at the problem areas.

*Shower after strenuous activities.

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